A residence permit – it is a document which provides to a foreigner the rights to reside in the Republic of Latvia for a period time exceeding 90 days within half a year starting from the first day of entrance.
There are two types of residence permits:
1. Temporary residence permit – it is residence permit for fixed period of time;
2. Permanent residence permit – it is residence permit to stay permanently.
Foreigner must have a valid health insurance policy before one receipt temporary residence permit.
More information about residence permits: http://www.udgm.gov.lv/en/pakalpojumi/uzturesanas.html